The culture of Mazandaran is closely related to that
of neighboring Gilan (or Guilan) and similarities between the two are
abundant. The cuisine of the province is very rich in seafood due to its
location by the Caspian Sea, and rice is present in virtually every
meal. Indeed, the rest of Iran was introduced to rice through Gilan and
Mazandaran. Before the 1800s, Persians, Kurds, and other Iranian ethnic
groups used bread rather than rice as an accompaniment to their meals,
though bread remains a prominent staple among them. While bread remains
very popular among those groups, in Gilan and Mazandaran, rice remains
the choice staple of the indigenous inhabitants.
Mazanderani or Tabarian is a Northwestern Iranian language. Various
Mazandarani's dialects exist which are spoken in Mazandaran province and
the neighbour province Golestan such as Mazanderani, and Gorgani. Also,
Qadikolahi (Ghadikolahi) and Palani may be dialects. Mazandarani mostly
resemble Gilaki. Today, Mazandaranis also use Persian (Western
Persian). The educated can communicate and read Persian well.
A dialect of Azeri is spoken in the town of Galoogah
In Persian epic, Shahnameh, Mazandaran is mentioned in two different
sections. First time implicitly, when Fereydun sets its capital in a
city called Tamishe near Amol:
under the title, and when Manuchehr is returning to Fereydun's
capital, Tamisheh in Mazandaran (known as Tabarestan), after victory
over Salm and Tur:
In the second section, a region called Mazandaran is mentioned at Kai
Kavoos era frequently, it is an area which is mostly inhabited by Div
(demons). The legendary Iranian Shah Kaykavoos as well as the Iranian
hero Rostam each take turn to go to Mazandaran in order to battle the
A famous verse from Shahnameh is when Zal tells Kai Kavoos:
"I heard troubling news that the king is planning to go to Mazandaran"
However, this Mazandaran is not considered identical to the modern
province of Mazandaran, and is instead a land to the west of Iran. The
current province was simply considered a part of Tabaristan; the name
Mazandaran is a later development, perhaps based upon local terminology.
Having Sea , jungle and tourism all together has
made the province one of the 5 wealthiest in Iran in terms of GDP and
net worth.The recent explored oil resources will make the status even
better by attracting new investment in the field. Rice, grain, fruits,
cotton, tea, tobacco, sugarcane, and silk are produced in the lowland
strip along the Caspian shore. Oil wealth has stimulated industries in
food processing, cement, textiles, cotton, and fishing (caviar).
Suitable environmental conditions, pleasant and moderate climate,
beautiful natural landscapes, and proximity to Tehran, have led the
province to be one of the main recreational and tourism areas of Iran.
Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization lists close to 630 sites of
historical and cultural significance, hence a wealth of tourist
The Clock Tower, in the Clock Square
(Meydan-e-Sa'at) located in downtown Sari, attracts many visitors and
has become its most famous landmark. Sari also contains the tombs of the
Muslim leaders Yahya and Zayn Al-Abedin, Emamzade-ye Abbas, and Shazdeh
Hussein from the 15th century.
The economy of Sari is based on food production such as cakes, milled
rice, yogurt, doogh (a yogurt drink), canned meat, oilseed and exporting
fruits especially oranges, lemons, etc.
Before the Iranian revolution during 1950's and 1970's the big factory
complex of MM company, as the city largest industrial facility, with
plant oils as main product and 3 other by products was one of the
biggest plant oil producers of Iran.It was nationalized after the
revolution and latterly bankrupt and closed. Currently Some successful
companies in Sari (e.g., the wood and paper company Sanaie Choub Kaqaz
and Pishraneh Electronics) are even famous in the Middle East.
Sari's property prices are quite variable. This allows most residents
to own their homes, but most neighborhoods are quite expensive because
of the pleasant climate.
- Babol Noshirvani University of Tech.
- Mazandaran University of Medical Sce.
- Behshahr University of Sciences
- Babol University of Medical Sciences
- University of Mazandaran
- Isl. Azad University of Mazanderan
- Imam Khomeini University for Naval Sce.
- Mazanderan Institute of Technology
- Babol Olum-Fonun University
Residents are known as Saravis or Sariyan. The
population is a mixture of native Mazandaranis, Persians, Azerbaijanis,
Kurds, Afghans, Balochis, and Turcomans. There are many foreign
inhabitants, including Germans, Japanese, Russians, and Arabs. Whereas
neighborhoods were identified during the Qajar dynasty by the ethnicity
of their inhabitants, this is no longer so. Historically, some areas
were labeled as being home to immigrants from Kurdistan, Afghanistan,
Balochistan. Sari, as well as other regions in northern Iran, is well
known for its hospitality. Most residents speak Mazandarani and the
Saravi dialect. Sari used to be the home of Georgians, Armenians, and
Zoroastrians, but today their percentage of the population is low. Local
languages are spoken in some neighborhoods, but almost everyone
understands and uses Persian as second language.
Zoroastrians from Sari who migrated to India in the 10th Century
founded there a city which they named "Navu Sari" (English: "New Sari"),
a name which was by now shortened to Navsari; the town is still a
center of the Zoroastrian Parsi community of India.
Sari is balmy and pleasant. Most major places of interest are listed below:
- Gohar Baran Coast
- Dehkadeh Aramesh Tourist Village
- Pol-e-Gardan hiking trail
- Soleyman-Tangeh Lake
- Lak-Dasht Lake
- Darya Kenar Coast
- Tajan River Park
- Zare' Forest Park
- Nemashoun Lake
- Bam-e-Shahr Hill
- Khezer Shahr Coast
- Salardareh Forest Park
- Dasht-E-Naaz National Park
Many complexes feature sports in Sari, but most do
not have complete facilities. Most popular are Jahan-Pahlavan Takhti
Sports Complex, which is located on Farhang Street; Hashemi-Nassab
Sports Complex, which is located on the railway side of the autobahn;
and Montazeri Sports complex, which is located in Shahband. Sari has the
Mottaqi football stadium as well, but it is seldom used.
Sari is the birthplace of many popular wrestlers and athletes, and it was the host of 2006 Wrestling World Cup Competitions.
It has a major fieldhouse, Seyyed Rasoul Hosseyni Coliseum, which is
known throughout Iran as an outstanding venue for wrestling.
- Asgari Mohammadian
- Majid Torkan
- Taghi Dadashi
- Morad Mohammadi
- Ali Ramezan Kheder
- Ali Akbar Pirzadeh
Although Sari is the most important cultural place
in the north of Iran, earthquakes and other causes destroyed most of its
cultural buildings. Still, Sari has been described as Safa City (City
Notable are Famous Houses such as Kolbadi House, Archeological sites
including Hutto Cave (70th millennium BC), Kamarband Cave
(70th-millennium BC); also the Resket Tower from the Qaran era and the
Farrah-Abad Complex Place from the Safavid era.
- Tomb of Imamzadeh Abbas, in eastern part of Sari
- Emamzadeh Abdollah, Koula
- Hozeh Elmiyeh
- Emamzadeh Yahya
- Haaj Mostafa Mosque (Sourteci)
- Molla-Majd-Addin Place
- Emamzadeh Abbas
- Pahneh-Kalla Place
- Shazdeh-Hossein Place
- Masjed-e-Jaame' Mosque (constructed before Islam by
Zoroastrians, where many important kings and heroes of Persia such as
Iraj, Touraj, Salam, Fereidun, Sohrab, that Ferdowsi remind them in
shahnama are buried near this place
- Emam-Sajjad Mosque (formerly Shah-Qazi, first was
Marqad-'Ala-Adolleh School but Rostam Shah Qazi reconstructed it in 1169
and renamed it Shah-Qazi during the Qaznavi era
Azad Goleh, Bagher Abad,Booali & Posht-e-Hotel(both located in
Pasdaran Blvd.), Barbari Mahalleh, Bazaar-e Nargesiyeh, Bazaar-e Rooz,
Chenar-Bon, Gol-Afshan, Golma, Kooy-e Azadi, Kooy-e DadGostari, Kooy-e
Daneshgah, Kooy-e Djahad, Kooy-e Golha, Kooy-e-Karmandan, Kooy-e Mahyar,
Kooy-e MirSarorozeh, Kooy-e Qelich, Lesani, Mehdi-Abad, Mirza-Zamani,
Na'l-Bandan, No-Tekiyeh, Peyvandi, Pir Tekiyeh, Pol-e Gardan, Posht-e
Nim-e Shaban, Posht-e Zendan, Rahband-e Dokhaniyat, Rahband-e
Sangtarashan, Sang, Sari Kenar, Sarvineh Bagh, Seyyed AlShohada, Shafa,
Shahband, Shazdeh Hossein, Shekar Abad, Tabaristan, Tavakkoli, Torki
Mahalleh, Torkmen Mahalleh, etc.