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 Mazandaran today



The culture of Mazandaran is closely related to that of neighboring Gilan (or Guilan) and similarities between the two are abundant. The cuisine of the province is very rich in seafood due to its location by the Caspian Sea, and rice is present in virtually every meal. Indeed, the rest of Iran was introduced to rice through Gilan and Mazandaran. Before the 1800s, Persians, Kurds, and other Iranian ethnic groups used bread rather than rice as an accompaniment to their meals, though bread remains a prominent staple among them. While bread remains very popular among those groups, in Gilan and Mazandaran, rice remains the choice staple of the indigenous inhabitants.
Mazanderani or Tabarian is a Northwestern Iranian language. Various Mazandarani's dialects exist which are spoken in Mazandaran province and the neighbour province Golestan such as Mazanderani, and Gorgani. Also, Qadikolahi (Ghadikolahi) and Palani may be dialects. Mazandarani mostly resemble Gilaki. Today, Mazandaranis also use Persian (Western Persian). The educated can communicate and read Persian well.
A dialect of Azeri is spoken in the town of Galoogah
In Persian epic, Shahnameh, Mazandaran is mentioned in two different sections. First time implicitly, when Fereydun sets its capital in a city called Tamishe near Amol:
under the title, and when Manuchehr is returning to Fereydun's capital, Tamisheh in Mazandaran (known as Tabarestan), after victory over Salm and Tur:
In the second section, a region called Mazandaran is mentioned at Kai Kavoos era frequently, it is an area which is mostly inhabited by Div (demons). The legendary Iranian Shah Kaykavoos as well as the Iranian hero Rostam each take turn to go to Mazandaran in order to battle the demons.
A famous verse from Shahnameh is when Zal tells Kai Kavoos:
"I heard troubling news that the king is planning to go to Mazandaran"
However, this Mazandaran is not considered identical to the modern province of Mazandaran, and is instead a land to the west of Iran. The current province was simply considered a part of Tabaristan; the name Mazandaran is a later development, perhaps based upon local terminology.


Having Sea , jungle and tourism all together has made the province one of the 5 wealthiest in Iran in terms of GDP and net worth.The recent explored oil resources will make the status even better by attracting new investment in the field. Rice, grain, fruits, cotton, tea, tobacco, sugarcane, and silk are produced in the lowland strip along the Caspian shore. Oil wealth has stimulated industries in food processing, cement, textiles, cotton, and fishing (caviar).
Suitable environmental conditions, pleasant and moderate climate, beautiful natural landscapes, and proximity to Tehran, have led the province to be one of the main recreational and tourism areas of Iran.
Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization lists close to 630 sites of historical and cultural significance, hence a wealth of tourist attractions.

About Sari:

The Clock Tower, in the Clock Square (Meydan-e-Sa'at) located in downtown Sari, attracts many visitors and has become its most famous landmark. Sari also contains the tombs of the Muslim leaders Yahya and Zayn Al-Abedin, Emamzade-ye Abbas, and Shazdeh Hussein from the 15th century.
The economy of Sari is based on food production such as cakes, milled rice, yogurt, doogh (a yogurt drink), canned meat, oilseed and exporting fruits especially oranges, lemons, etc.
Before the Iranian revolution during 1950's and 1970's the big factory complex of MM company, as the city largest industrial facility, with plant oils as main product and 3 other by products was one of the biggest plant oil producers of Iran.It was nationalized after the revolution and latterly bankrupt and closed. Currently Some successful companies in Sari (e.g., the wood and paper company Sanaie Choub Kaqaz and Pishraneh Electronics) are even famous in the Middle East.
Sari's property prices are quite variable. This allows most residents to own their homes, but most neighborhoods are quite expensive because of the pleasant climate.

Colleges and universities

  • Babol Noshirvani University of Tech.
  • Mazandaran University of Medical Sce.
  • Behshahr University of Sciences
  • Babol University of Medical Sciences
  • University of Mazandaran
  • Isl. Azad University of Mazanderan
  • Imam Khomeini University for Naval Sce.
  • Mazanderan Institute of Technology
  • Babol Olum-Fonun University

More on Sari:

Residents are known as Saravis or Sariyan. The population is a mixture of native Mazandaranis, Persians, Azerbaijanis, Kurds, Afghans, Balochis, and Turcomans. There are many foreign inhabitants, including Germans, Japanese, Russians, and Arabs. Whereas neighborhoods were identified during the Qajar dynasty by the ethnicity of their inhabitants, this is no longer so. Historically, some areas were labeled as being home to immigrants from Kurdistan, Afghanistan, Balochistan. Sari, as well as other regions in northern Iran, is well known for its hospitality. Most residents speak Mazandarani and the Saravi dialect. Sari used to be the home of Georgians, Armenians, and Zoroastrians, but today their percentage of the population is low. Local languages are spoken in some neighborhoods, but almost everyone understands and uses Persian as second language.
Zoroastrians from Sari who migrated to India in the 10th Century founded there a city which they named "Navu Sari" (English: "New Sari"), a name which was by now shortened to Navsari; the town is still a center of the Zoroastrian Parsi community of India.
Sari is balmy and pleasant. Most major places of interest are listed below:

  • Gohar Baran Coast
  • Dehkadeh Aramesh Tourist Village
  • Pol-e-Gardan hiking trail
  • Soleyman-Tangeh Lake
  • Lak-Dasht Lake
  • Darya Kenar Coast
  • Tajan River Park
  • Zare' Forest Park
  • Nemashoun Lake
  • Bam-e-Shahr Hill
  • Khezer Shahr Coast
  • Salardareh Forest Park
  • Dasht-E-Naaz National Park


Many complexes feature sports in Sari, but most do not have complete facilities. Most popular are Jahan-Pahlavan Takhti Sports Complex, which is located on Farhang Street; Hashemi-Nassab Sports Complex, which is located on the railway side of the autobahn; and Montazeri Sports complex, which is located in Shahband. Sari has the Mottaqi football stadium as well, but it is seldom used.
Sari is the birthplace of many popular wrestlers and athletes, and it was the host of 2006 Wrestling World Cup Competitions.
It has a major fieldhouse, Seyyed Rasoul Hosseyni Coliseum, which is known throughout Iran as an outstanding venue for wrestling.

  • Asgari Mohammadian
  • Majid Torkan
  • Taghi Dadashi
  • Morad Mohammadi
  • Ali Ramezan Kheder
  • Ali Akbar Pirzadeh

Cultural attractions

Although Sari is the most important cultural place in the north of Iran, earthquakes and other causes destroyed most of its cultural buildings. Still, Sari has been described as Safa City (City of Curvet).
Notable are Famous Houses such as Kolbadi House, Archeological sites including Hutto Cave (70th millennium BC), Kamarband Cave (70th-millennium BC); also the Resket Tower from the Qaran era and the Farrah-Abad Complex Place from the Safavid era.

Religious sites

  • Tomb of Imamzadeh Abbas, in eastern part of Sari
  • Emamzadeh Abdollah, Koula
  • Hozeh Elmiyeh
  • Emamzadeh Yahya
  • Haaj Mostafa Mosque (Sourteci)
  • Molla-Majd-Addin Place
  • Emamzadeh Abbas
  • Pahneh-Kalla Place
  • Shazdeh-Hossein Place
  • Masjed-e-Jaame' Mosque (constructed before Islam by Zoroastrians, where many important kings and heroes of Persia such as Iraj, Touraj, Salam, Fereidun, Sohrab, that Ferdowsi remind them in shahnama are buried near this place
  • Emam-Sajjad Mosque (formerly Shah-Qazi, first was Marqad-'Ala-Adolleh School but Rostam Shah Qazi reconstructed it in 1169 and renamed it Shah-Qazi during the Qaznavi era

City districts

Azad Goleh, Bagher Abad,Booali & Posht-e-Hotel(both located in Pasdaran Blvd.), Barbari Mahalleh, Bazaar-e Nargesiyeh, Bazaar-e Rooz, Chenar-Bon, Gol-Afshan, Golma, Kooy-e Azadi, Kooy-e DadGostari, Kooy-e Daneshgah, Kooy-e Djahad, Kooy-e Golha, Kooy-e-Karmandan, Kooy-e Mahyar, Kooy-e MirSarorozeh, Kooy-e Qelich, Lesani, Mehdi-Abad, Mirza-Zamani, Na'l-Bandan, No-Tekiyeh, Peyvandi, Pir Tekiyeh, Pol-e Gardan, Posht-e Nim-e Shaban, Posht-e Zendan, Rahband-e Dokhaniyat, Rahband-e Sangtarashan, Sang, Sari Kenar, Sarvineh Bagh, Seyyed AlShohada, Shafa, Shahband, Shazdeh Hossein, Shekar Abad, Tabaristan, Tavakkoli, Torki Mahalleh, Torkmen Mahalleh, etc.

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